Forest of Halmahera, Biodiversity part of our nation's identity
I want to introduce you to Halmahera Forest- it is famous for its richness of biodiversity and its location, which is in the Wallacea region. The forest ecosystem on this island is an important habitat for many species, including the endemic species, the Angel of Halmahera (Semioptera wallacii). This species can only be found on Halmahera Island and Bacan Island, North Maluku.
The existence of forests that provide many benefits for humans and other living things is unfortunately prone to the threat of forest conversion. Extractive companies have converted forests into mining lands and oil palm plantations and have become major threats to the lives of local communities and the balance of the ecosystem.
Indonesia’s rich biodiversity has made it known as a mega-biodiversity country. In 2020 there were 773 species in Indonesia, of which 191 species of mammals, 33 species of birds, 33 species of amphibians, 30 species of reptiles, 231 species of fish, 63 species of mollusks, 26 species of butterflies are endangered. Moreover, 7 species of the world’s honey bees are found in Indonesia, two of which are endemic and are currently on the verge of extinction.
Many species in Halmahera only exist here, and cannot be found elsewhere. Therefore, protecting Halmahera’s forests not only safeguards the community’s source of livelihood but also protects biodiversity as part of the nation’s identity. Halmahera’s forests also have an important role in absorbing carbon emissions and contributing to reducing the climate crisis.
caption: The Angel of Halmahera perched on a tree branch.
Photo or video credit: EcoNusa Foundation
Text Credit: Syahwa Aurelita
Date : 6 April 2023